Sliding Wear Characteristics and Corrosion Behaviour of Selective Laser Melted 316L Stainless Steel
Stainless steel is one of the most popular materials used for selective laser melting (SLM) processing to produce nearly fully dense components from 3D CAD models. The tribological and corrosion properties of stainless steel components are important in many engineering applications. In this work, the wear behaviour of SLM 316L stainless steel was investigated under dry sliding conditions, and the corrosion properties were measured electrochemically in a chloride containing solution. The results show that as compared to the standard bulk 316L steel, the SLM 316L steel exhibits deteriorated dry sliding wear resistance. The wear rate of SLM steel is dependent on the vol.% porosity in the steel and by obtaining full density it is possible achieve wear resistance similar to that of the standard bulk 316L steel. In the tested chloride containing solution, the general corrosion behaviour of the SLM steel is similar to that of the standard bulk 316L steel, but the SLM steel suffers from a reduced breakdown potential and is more susceptible to pitting corrosion. Efforts have been made to correlate the obtained results with porosity in theSLM steel.
Citation:Sun, Y., Moroz, A. and Alrbary, K. (2014) Sliding Wear Characteristics and Corrosion Behaviour of Selective Laser Melted 316L Stainless Steel. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 23 (2), pp. 518-526
Research Group:Additive Manufacturing Technology Group