1H NMR investigations of the molecular nature of cobalt (II) ions in human saliva
High-resolution 1H NMR spectroscopy demonstrated that addition of Co(II) ions to isolated human salivary supernatants (HSSs) gave rise to its complexation by a variety of biomolecules. The relative efficacies of these complexants/chelators in this context were classifiable by the influence of added Co(II) on their line-widths and chemical shift values, and also the added Co(II) concentration-dependence of these spectral modifications. Those which were most affected by the addition of this metal ion were lactate > formate histidinate > succinate, this order reflecting the ability of these complexants to compete for the available Co(II) in terms of (1) thermodynamic equilibrium constants for the ormation of their complexes and (2) their HSS concentrations. Since many of these HSS Co(II) complexants (particularly lactate,formate and histidine) serve as powerful OH cavengers, the results acquired indicate that any of this radical generated from the Co(II) source in such complexes via pseudo-Fenton reactions may be ‘sitespecifically’ scavenged. The significance of these observations regarding the in vivo corrosion of cobaltcontaining metal alloy dental prostheses (e.g., Co–Cr alloys), the availability of trace levels of this metal ion in human saliva, and cobalt toxicity, is discussed.
Citation : Chang, H., Tomoda, S., Silwood, C., Lynch, E., Grootveld, M. (2012) 1H NMR investigations of the molecular nature of cobalt (II) ions in human saliva. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 520 (1), pp. 51-65
Peer Reviewed : Yes
- Leicester School of Pharmacy