The effect of asphalt mixture gradation and compaction energy on aggregate degradation
This paper investigates the influence of asphalt mixture type (aggregate gradation) and compaction energy level on the degradation of aggregate during laboratory compaction. The most severe form of laboratory compaction in terms of potential aggregate degradation, i.e. Marshall (impact) compaction has been used together with a standard UK aggregate and two asphalt mixture gradations consisting of a continuous and gap-graded mixture design. The results of aggregate degradation have been determined by comparing the aggregate gradation in terms of retained aggregate per individual sieve size before and after compaction. The aggregate gradation after compaction has been determined by recovering the aggregate from compacted asphalt mixture specimens and then re-grading using the series of sieve sizes used to batch the original material. The results show that asphalt mixture type and therefore aggregate gradation has a far greater influence on aggregate degradation under compaction than alterations to the level of compaction energy within the normal compaction levels experienced in the laboratory. The gap-graded asphalt mixture experienced a greater amount of aggregate degradation after compaction compared to the continuously graded mixture. The effect of increased compaction energy level did not alter the pattern of aggregate degradation for the continuously graded asphalt mixture and only increased the degree of degradation by a small amount.
Citation:Airey, G.D., Hunter, A.E. and Collop, A.C. (2008) The effect of asphalt mixture gradation and compaction energy on aggregate degradation. Construction and Building Materials, 22, (5), pp 972-980