Global analysis of EnviSat Burst echoes over inland water.
Satellite radar altimeters have an established and increasingly vital role in monitoring the Earth’s surface inland water resources. This paper analyzes two years of EnviSat burst echoes (which have 3.9-m nominal along-track separation) over rivers, lakes, and ephemeral water globally to assess the increase in monitoring potential afforded by the higher pulse repetition frequency (PRF) of the next generation of synthetic aperture radar altimeters and investigate spatial burst correlation. Burst echoes at 1800 Hz are successfully retracked with no waveform averaging. The conclusion is that the higher PRF allows detection and measurement of water bodies on a far finer spatial scale because water is a very bright reflector at Ku-band and land in general is relatively poor, with pools of water a few tens of meters across being successfully identified.
Citation:Berry, P.A.M., Smith, R.G., Salloway, M.K. and Benveniste, J. (2012) Global Analysis of EnviSat Burst Echoes Over Inland Water. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 50 (5), pp 1980-1985