International and multidisciplinary reflections from Austria, Brazil and the UK on interventions using arts, music, and open spaces for enriching long term care institutions (LTCIs)
The WHO report on ageing highlighted that the number of older people worldwide is increasing. Long term care institutions (LTCIs) have become a common feature for providing and meeting the health and social care needs of these older populations in many countries around the world. Focusing on the basic human needs, there is a lack of stimulating activities, for older persons in LTC’s. This is especially relevant in times of limited resources, when nursing staff in nursing homes tend to focus on physical needs than on psychological or emotional needs. However, activities involving arts or creativity are recognized as an instrument to support people with dementia, have known benefits for residents with dementia and for those providing care. Therefore, exploring and developing an understanding of interventions based on art, music and open space for enriching LTCIs is needed. Method During 2019 a leading group of academics from Austria, Brazil, the Netherlands and UK, met at an international workshop held in Sao Paulo state, Brazil. This workshop was organized under the international LOTUS consortium (Developing an International Collaborative Network to Study Long Term care institutions). During the workshop a number of key themes and interest areas emerged. One theme and mutual interest was the use of arts, music and open spaces within LTCIs with an opportunity to share knowledge and discussion of its relevance to LTCIs in the countries represented. We share a few examples that the attendees discussed as demonstrating how arts could be more mainstream as a means to engage residents in their daily activities. Results In Austria, two public photo exhibitions held within a LTCI has been utilized to stimulate and engage residents. Groups of 4 to 5 residents were invited to take part in a session with a professional photographer, where the residents themselves volunteered to be the model. In Brazil a museum project incorporated a music experience, through the use of archived instruments and photos. And in 2011, based on the need to motivate residents in the activities proposed in Brazilian LTCI’s, a project called the “Cooking Workshop” was developed. In UK observations found that 62% of residents, did not access the garden. In addition, no garden-specific activities, such as lawn-mowing, sweeping leaves, gardening, were observed.
The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. Open access journal
Citation : Hoedl, M., Araújo, O.S.C.C., King, A., Bestetti, M.L.T., Pompeu, J.E., da Silva, A., Hinsliff-Smith, K. (2020) International and multidisciplinary reflections from Austria, Brazil and the UK on interventions using arts, music, and open spaces for enriching long term care institutions (LTCIs). East Midlands Research into Ageing Network (EMRAN),
ISSN : 2059-3341
Research Institute : Institute of Health, Health Policy and Social Care
Peer Reviewed : Yes