Feature learning for human activity recognition using convolutional neural networks: A case study for inertial measurement unit and audio data
The use of Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) as a feature learning method for Human Activity Recognition (HAR) is becoming more and more common. Unlike conventional machine learning methods, which require domain-specific expertise, CNNs can extract features automatically. On the other hand, CNNs require a training phase, making them prone to the cold-start problem. In this work, a case study is presented where the use of a pre-trained CNN feature extractor is evaluated under realistic conditions. The case study consists of two main steps: (1) different topologies and parameters are assessed to identify the best candidate models for HAR, thus obtaining a pre-trained CNN model. The pre-trained model (2) is then employed as feature extractor evaluating its use with a large scale real-world dataset. Two CNN applications were considered: Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) and audio based HAR. For the IMU data, balanced accuracy was 91.98% on the UCI-HAR dataset, and 67.51% on the real-world Extrasensory dataset. For the audio data, the balanced accuracy was 92.30% on the DCASE 2017 dataset, and 35.24% on the Extrasensory dataset.
open access article
Citation : F. Cruciani, A. Vafeiadis, C. Nugent, I. Cleland, P. McCullagh, K. Votis, D. Giakoumis, D. Tzovaras, L. Chen, R. Hamzaoui. (2020) Feature learning for Human Activity Recognition using Convolutional Neural Networks. CCF Transactions on Pervasive Computing and Interaction.
Research Institute : Cyber Technology Institute (CTI)
Peer Reviewed : Yes