How Belief in a Just World Benefits Mental Health: The Effects of Optimism and Gratitude
Past research suggests that individuals’ belief in a just world (BJW) is closely connected with their mental health. To clarify the underlying mechanism, the current study proposes that BJW encourages optimism and gratitude which then mediates the relation- ship between BJW and mental health as indicated by subjective well-being (SWB) and depression. A sample of 1,200 undergraduates yields results indicating that (a) BJW influences optimism, gratitude, SWB, and depression after controlling for gender, age, income, and personality; (b) optimism and gratitude mediate BJW effects by increasing SWB and decreasing depression. The issues of BJW’s adaptive functions are discussed.
The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.
Citation : Jiang, F. et al. (2015) How Belief in a Just World Benefits Mental Health: The Effects of Optimism and Gratitude. Social Indicators Research, 126 (1), pp. 411–423
ISSN : 1573-0921
Research Institute : Institute for Psychological Science
Peer Reviewed : Yes