A minority within a minority? Identity and Sexual Health in Black and Minority Ethnic Men Who Have Sex With Men in the United Kingdom
Identity refers to the individual’s self-construal. It is characterized by multiple elements, such as sexuality, ethnicity, and religion, and not all identity elements are simultaneously salient (Jaspal & Breakwell, 2014). For instance, the same person might self-identify principally as gay at a Gay Pride March, as Muslim during Ramadan, as Pakistani during a cricket match, and as British when abroad. Social context is key to identity expression. Black and minority ethnic (BME) men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United Kingdom have multiple, often stig- matized, identity elements. Many face intersecting social stressors (e.g., racism and homophobia) that can increase the risk of poor sexual health. Many straddle the boundaries of seemingly incompatible identities, such as ethnicity and sexuality. In this commentary, we present a clinical case study, and relevant theory and research, to illustrate the practical importance of identity for effective sexual health care in this diverse population.
Citation : Jaspal, R. and Bayley, J. (2019) A minority within a minority? Identity and sexual health among Black & Minority Ethnic Men Who Have Sex With Men. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care,
ISSN : 1055‐3290
Research Institute : Mary Seacole Research Centre
Peer Reviewed : Yes