Maker Spaces as Micro Industrial and Innovation Districts in Fab Cities
This paper and session draws on the empirical case of Underbroen in Copenhagen, as a site of innovation, local production, and a Quintuple Helix. Distinct form the model assumed in Copenhagen’s Space 10 ( https://space10.io), the IKEA-funded innovation lab, and a stone’s throw from the award-winning Blox Hub (https://www.blox.dk/english), the hi-tech R&D-led innovation space, Underbroen operates in relative simplicity (http://underbroen.com). Underbroen operates as a thirdspace (Soja, 1996), that is an informal space, which is neither exclusively social, learning, or working; rather a combination of the three. Underbroen’s success over the years has made it invaluable as an innovation space for the likes of Bang & Olufsen, critical for learning and application for university students and graduates, and and as a city, critical for the ‘Fab City’ movement. Underbroen emerged initially as a fab lab, and takes forward the ideals of open source in its design. It also embraces the ideals of localised production, developing routes for prototyping and production; the latter operating as a type of informal (business) collective. One can observe a functional operationality in Underbroen that resonates with the vertical distintegration of production and sharing ecosystem of the ‘Third Italy’ (see Piore and Sabel, 1984) but recreated at the micro, rather than meso or macro scale. In this way, Underbroen symbolises a new type of production function, attuned to sustainable production, based on a quintuple helix, operating at the micro scale (business), and espoused in co-creation and co-production logic, and the sharing of skills, resources, and ideas.
Citation : Granger, R.C. (2018) Maker Spaces as Micro Industrial and Innovation Districts in Fab Cities, Nordic Geographers meeting, Trondheim, Norway, December 2018.
Research Group : Creative and Cultural Industries
Peer Reviewed : Yes