Causal Relationship between Apparel Exports and Macro-economic Factors
Apparel exports make a significant contribution to economic growth in major apparel exporting economies such as Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Vietnam. This study aims to investigate the causal relationship between apparel export growth and its determinants, such as GDP growth, infrastructure, financial development, foreign direct investment (FDI) and labour productivity using panel data from 11 major apparel exporting countries for the period 1996 to 2013. The results confirm a long-run equilibrium association among the variables and reveals that GDP growth, infrastructure, financial development, FDI, and labour productivity have a significant positive influence on apparel export growth. Furthermore, the heterogeneous panel non-causality test results suggest that GDP growth, infrastructure and labour productivity cause apparel export growth in the short-run. These findings have several policy implications for the governments of the countries considered in this study.
Citation:Alam, M.S., Selvanathan, E.A., Selvanathan, S., Hossain, M. Hossain (2019) Causal relationship between apparel exports and macroeconomic factors, Applied Economics, 51:25, 2687-2702