Microparticles for sustained growth factor delivery in the regeneration of critically-sized segmental tibial bone defects
This study trialled the controlled delivery of growth factors within a biodegradable scaffold in a large segmental bone defect model. We hypothesised that co-delivery of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) followed by bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) could be more effective in stimulating bone repair than the delivery of BMP-2 alone. Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA ) based microparticles were used as a delivery system to achieve a controlled release of growth factors within a medical-grade Polycaprolactone (PCL) scaffold. The scaffolds were assessed in a well-established preclinical ovine tibial segmental defect measuring 3 cm. After six months, mechanical properties and bone tissue regeneration were assessed. Mineralised bone bridging of the defect was enhanced in growth factor treated groups. The inclusion of VEGF and PDGF (with BMP-2) had no significant effect on the amount of bone regeneration at the six-month time point in comparison to BMP-2 alone. However, regions treated with VEGF and PDGF showed increased vascularity. This study demonstrates an effective method for the controlled delivery of therapeutic growth factors in vivo, using microparticles.
The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link. Open access article.
Citation : Kirby, G.T.S., White, L.J., Steck, R., Bogoevski, K. Saifzadeh, S., Hutmacher, D.W., Shakesheff, K.M, Woodruff, M.A. (2016) Microparticles for sustained growth factor delivery in the regeneration of critically-sized segmental tibial bone defects. Materials, 9(4), 259.
Peer Reviewed : Yes
- Leicester School of Pharmacy