Activity of DNA-targeted C8-linked pyrrolobenzodiazepine(PBD)-heterocyclic polyamide conjugates against aerobically and hypoxically grown Mycobacterium tuberculosis under acidic and neutral conditions
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is the aetiological agent of tuberculosis, the leading cause of death worldwide from a single infectious agent. Mtb is a highly-adaptable human pathogen that might enter a dormant non-replicating (NR), drug-tolerant stage. Reactivation of dormant Mtb can lead to active disease. Antibiotic treatments of active and latent tuberculosis are long, complex and may fail to fully eradicate the infection. Therefore, it is imperative to identify novel compounds with new mechanism of actions active against NR-bacilli. Dormant Mtb habitat is mostly thought to be the pH-neutral and hypoxic caseous granuloma. We have used the Wayne culture model to reproduce this environment and tested the activities of two DNA-targeted agents, C8-linked-pyrrolobenzodiazepine(PBD)-polyamide-conjugates 1 and 2, against Mtb grown in aerobic and hypoxic conditions in both acidic and pH-neutral media. PBD 2 showed growth inhibitory activity at 5.1 µg/ml against 19-day old hypoxic NR Mtb cultures with 1.8 log10-CFU reduction on day 21 at pH 7.3. PBD 2 was particularly effective against 5-day old aerobic cells at pH 7.3, with CFU reduction (6.8 log10) on day 21 at 5.1 µg/ml being identical to that of rifampin at 8 µg/ml. PBD 2 qualifies as a promising lead against aerobic and NR Mtb.
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Citation : Iacobino, A., Giannoni, F., Fattorini, L. and Brucoli, F. (2018) Activity of DNA-targeted C8-linked pyrrolobenzodiazepine–heterocyclic polyamide conjugates against aerobically and hypoxically grown Mycobacterium tuberculosis under acidic and neutral conditions. The Journal of Antibiotics, 71, pp. 831-834
Research Institute : Leicester Institute for Pharmaceutical Innovation - From Molecules to Practice (LIPI)
Peer Reviewed : Yes
- Leicester School of Pharmacy