Academic entrepreneurship: spin-offs in Sweden and the UK
Discussions of academic entrepreneurship often focus on efforts to commercialize inventions appropriated within the intellectual property (IP) system. However, studies in the U.S. have shown that a substantial amount of entrepreneurship happens outside of the formal IP system. In the UK each university sets its own rules on ownership of IP. In a few European countries, like Sweden, an inventor ownership model is dominating. There is a lack of studies of European academic entrepreneurship outside of the formal IP system; and accordingly there have been few possibilities to analyze the effects of different institutional set ups. To help fill this gap, this chapter analyses how different institutional settings affect academic entrepreneurship in Europe. By analyzing both patents and spinoffs (from Oxford University, UK and Chalmers University, Sweden) we will shed light on two processes for commercialization of university research. We empirically investigate university technology transfer at two different universities in two countries with a different inventor ownership regulation.
Citation:Lindholm Dahlstrand, A., Lawton Smith, H. and Baines, N (2016), Academic entrepreneurship: spin-offs in Sweden and the UK. In: Audretsch D. B., Lehmann E. E., Meoli, M. and Vismara S. (Eds.), University Evolution, Entrepreneurial Activity and Regional Competitiveness, Berlin: Springer.