Methylphenidate alters monoaminergic and metabolic pathways in the cerebellum of adolescent rats
Abnormalities in the cerebellar circuitry have been suggested to contribute to some of the symptoms associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The psychostimulant methylphenidate (MPH) is the major drug for treating this condition. Here, the effects of acute (2.0 mg/kg and 5.0 mg/kg) and chronic (2.0 mg/kg, twice daily for 15 days) MPH treatments were investigated in adolescent (35-40 days old) rats on monoaminergic and metabolic markers in the cerebellum. Data acquired indicates that acute MPH treatment (2.0 mg/kg) decreased cerebellar vesicular monoamine transporter (VMAT2) density, while chronic treatment caused an increase. In contrast, protein levels of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and the dopamine D1 receptor were not significantly altered by neither acute nor chronic MPH treatment. In addition, while chronic but not acute MPH treatment significantly enhanced dopamine turnover (DOPAC/dopamine) in the cerebellum, levels of dopamine and homovanillic acid (HVA) were not altered. Acute MPH (5.0 mg/kg) significantly modified levels of a range of cerebellar metabolites with similar trends also detected for the lower dose (2.0 mg/kg). In this regard, acute MPH tended to decrease cerebellar metabolites associated with energy consumption and excitatory neurotransmission including glutamate, glutamine, N-acetyl aspartate, and inosine. Conversely, levels of some metabolites associated with inhibitory neurotransmission, including GABA and glycine were reduced by acute (5.0 mg/kg) MPH, together with acetate, aspartate and hypoxanthine. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that MPH alters cerebellar biochemistry, and that this effect depends on both dose and duration of treatment. The therapeutic significance of these results requires further investigation.
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Citation : Quansah, E., Ruiz-Rodado, V., Grootveld, M. and Zetterstrom, T.S.C. (2018) Methylphenidate alters monoaminergic and metabolic pathways in the cerebellum of adolescent rats. European Neuropsychopharmacology
ISSN : 0924-977X
Research Group : Pharmacology
Peer Reviewed : Yes
- Leicester School of Pharmacy