R&D Subsidies & External Collaborative Breadth: Differential Gains and the Role of Collaboration Experience
External collaboration breadth is important for firms to acquire the knowledge needed to innovate. In this paper, we combine cross-sectional and longitudinal data from the Spanish Panel of Technological Innovation Survey (PITEC) to examine the indirect impact of R&D subsidies on firm external collaboration breadth. We contribute to understanding of the indirect impacts of R&D subsidies by first providing strong evidence of an economically significant average positive impact of R&D subsidies on firm external collaboration breadth. Second, our results advance understanding of the differential impacts of R&D subsidies by revealing the vast heterogeneity of the impact at the firm level, where approximately only half of treated firms experience a positive collaboration impact from R&D subsidies, while the remainder experience no impact or a negative effect. Finally, we advance understanding of the characteristics explaining the differential impact of R&D subsidies on external collaboration breadth by utilising the organisational learning literature to demonstrate the important role of firm collaboration experience.
The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version.
Citation : Chapman, G., Lucena, A. and Afcha, S.(2018). R&D Subsidies & External Collaborative Breadth: Differential Gains and the Role of Collaboration Experience. Research Policy.
ISSN : 0048-7333
Peer Reviewed : Yes