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dc.contributor.authorOrun, A.en
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Geoffen
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-26T13:39:22Z
dc.date.available2017-06-26T13:39:22Z
dc.date.issued2017-06-28
dc.identifier.citationOrun, A.B and Smith, G. (2017) Micro-structural analysis of tablet surface layers by intelligent laser speckle classification (ILSC) technique: An application in the study of both surface defects and subsurface granule structures. Journal of Pharmaceutical Innovation, 12 (4), pp. 296-308en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2086/14262
dc.descriptionThe file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.en
dc.description.abstractPurpose : As a consequence of the latest developments in laser technologies it is now possible to develop a low-cost and accurate tablet inspection system by the unification of optical and artificial intelligence methods. Method: The functionality of the proposed system is based on a sequence of texture analysis of laser speckle images (using laser sources of 650 nm and 808 nm : VIS/IR) followed by the optimization of texture parameters using Bayesian Networks (BN). Results: In the first part of this work, a Bayesian inference method was used to detect micro-scale tablet defects that are generated “progressively” during production whereas in the second part a Bayesian classifier method was used to discriminate between tablets made from different granule sizes. In part two, it was shown that (i) the comparatively higher energy (5mW) IR laser light generates different speckle effects than the lower energy visible (Red 3mW) by interacting with deeper sub-surface of the tablets and (ii) by using multi-classifier systems (MCS) to fuse the Bayesian classifiers from both types of speckle images it was possible to achieve a higher discrimination power (88% classification accuracy) for distinguishing between tablets made from different granule sizes than one can achieve from a single image type. Conclusion: It is suggested that this unified method has the potential to provide for a comprehensive analysis of both tablet quality attributes, on the one hand, and failure modes, on the other, that might be used in the development of a low cost tablet inspection system.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherSpringeren
dc.subjectTablet inspectionen
dc.subjectlaser speckle imageryen
dc.subjectBayesian networksen
dc.subjectartificial intelligenceen
dc.titleMicro-structural analysis of tablet surface layers by intelligent laser speckle classification (ILSC) technique: An application in the study of both surface defects and subsurface granule structuresen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1007/s12247-017-9290-0
dc.peerreviewedYesen
dc.explorer.multimediaNoen
dc.funderN/Aen
dc.projectidN/Aen
dc.cclicenceCC-BY-NC-NDen
dc.date.acceptance2017-06-16en
dc.researchinstituteInstitute of Artificial Intelligence (IAI)en
dc.researchinstituteLeicester Institute for Pharmaceutical Innovation - From Molecules to Practice (LIPI)en


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