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dc.contributor.authorAdvani, Varunen
dc.contributor.authorWade, Nealen
dc.contributor.authorGreenwood, D.en
dc.contributor.authorDavison, P.en
dc.contributor.authorGammon, Ruperten
dc.contributor.authorBoait, Peter Johnen
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-09T13:39:35Z
dc.date.available2017-05-09T13:39:35Z
dc.date.issued2017-05-03
dc.identifier.citationBoait, P. et al. (2017) ESCoBox A Set of Tools for Mini-Grid Sustainability in the Developing World. Sustainability, 9 (5), 738en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2086/14160
dc.descriptionCollaboration with Newcastle University and other NGO and commercial partners. Open Access articleen
dc.description.abstractMini-grids powered by photovoltaic generators or other renewable energy sources have the potential to bring electricity to the 17% of the world’s population, mainly in rural areas, that are currently un-served. However, designing and managing a mini-grid so that it is reliable and economically sustainable is difficult because of the high variability of demand that arises from the small population of consumers. We describe an integrated set of four tools to assist mini-grid operators to predict and manage demand. These comprise a decision support tool to predict peak and average demand from a consumer population, a demand disaggregation tool that allows the key statistical properties of connected electricity-consuming appliances to be identified, a battery condition modeling tool which allows the impact on battery life of a planned operating regime to be predicted and a demand control sub-system which limits the operating time of high demand appliances to intervals when they can be supported. Results from application of the tool set to mini-grids in Kenya and The Gambia are presented. We conclude that accessible, usable and low cost tools of this form can improve mini-grid sustainability.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherMDPIen
dc.subjectmini-griden
dc.subjectmicro-griden
dc.subjectbattery managementen
dc.subjectdemand-side managementen
dc.titleESCoBox: A set of tools for mini-grid sustainability in the developing worlden
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su9050738
dc.researchgroupInstitute of Energy and Sustainable Developmenten
dc.peerreviewedYesen
dc.explorer.multimediaNoen
dc.funderEPSRC (Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council)en
dc.funderDepartment for International Developmenten
dc.projectidEP/L002566/1en
dc.cclicenceCC BYen
dc.date.acceptance2017-04-28en
dc.exception.reasonopen access articleen
dc.researchinstituteInstitute of Energy and Sustainable Development (IESD)en


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