|dc.contributor.author||Snape, J. Richard||en
|dc.identifier.citation||Rynikiewicz, C., Snape, J.R. (2010) Investigating the peculiarities of sustainable energy policies in islands communities for smart grid development: insights from complexity science and agent based models. In Islands of the World XI - Celebrating Island Connectivities. International Small Islands Study Association (ISISA). Islands of the World XI - Celebrating Island Connectivities. Bornholm, Denmark: International Small Islands Study Association (ISISA).||en
|dc.description.abstract||Initiatives and projects ranging from European islands to the Falklands and the Pacific Fiji islands are
implementing renewable energy sources. They not only address the unique features of islands but
also to reduce the economic vulnerability of small island states and in some cases, regenerate
depopulated island communities and enhance socio-economic and ecological sustainability.
Islands are often regarded as laboratories for, or precursors of, wider energy transitions and the “smart
grid” innovation makes no exception. The “smart grid” is an umbrella term that covers modernization of
both the transmission and active distribution grids and the different competing smart grid architectures
could transform the electricity industry and the relations with consumers and prosumers.
This paper asks two – relatively simple – questions: are there any socio-technical energy systems and
dominant designs more prone to emerge depending on the topologies and scale of islands? How far
can we learn and scale up lessons from the studies of island energy communities that are useful in
other Complex Adaptive Systems (CAS) with greater scale and interconnectivity?
This exploratory paper is part of on-going research project (CASCADE) to model smart grids as Agent
Based Systems embracing concepts and techniques from Complexity Science. There are three key
The paper initially summarizes the key particuliarities of island energy systems, including the scale
and boundaries to the socio-technical system that combine to determine the appropriateness of
different energy responses, balancing and optimizing the various combinations of distributed
renewable generation, energy storage (including plug-in cars), and loads.
From this, a provisional conceptual model will be presented which identifies the range of factors that
(re)configure to influence the potential dissemination of new energy technologies within island
communities and the range of agents that influence that process.
The paper will build on an expanding literature on modelling societal transitions with cognitive agents
and agent transformation to justify our modelling choices. Central to the question is how to represent
the cognitive agents and their adoption of new technologies and adaptation patterns.Validation may
benefit from data from the Bornholm smartgrid case and other case studies.||en
|dc.publisher||International Small Islands Study Association (ISISA)||en
|dc.subject||sustainable energy islands||en
|dc.subject||Agent Based Models||en
|dc.title||Investigating the peculiarities of sustainable energy policies in islands communities for smart grid development: insights from complexity science and agent based models||en
|dc.researchgroup||Institute of Energy and Sustainable Development||en
|dc.funder||EPSRC (Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council)||en