|dc.description.abstract||TITLE OF PAPER: APHASIA MANAGEMENT IN AN ACUTE SETTING, WHAT ARE WE DOING AND WHY?
KEYWORDS: THERAPY, RATIONALES, EXPERTS
• WHY THE STUDY WAS UNDERTAKEN
The Specific Interest Group in Aphasia Therapy has been involved with two projects looking into what Speech and Language Therapists (SLTs) do for people with aphasia in the acute setting. In the first phase of their research Bixley et al (2011) collated the different activities reported by 86 SLTs from 55 different adult trusts. This research suggested that therapist activity could be divided into five categories. A follow up study (Bixley et al, 2013) asked SLTs to confirm these groups, estimate the amount of time spent on each activity and provide a rationale for why this therapy intervention was important.
Twenty two therapists confirmed that their activities could be categorised into the five different types. Eight of these therapists were able to estimate the amount of time spent on each type of activity. These activities were: 1) Assessment - 32% 2) Multidisciplinary team working (MDT) - 26% 3) Therapy choices - 23% 4) SLT administration - 13% and 5) Support training and education (STE) - 6%. This paper expands on this research by presenting a grounded theme analysis of the rationales for intervention for people with aphasia in the acute setting.
• HOW THE STUDY WAS DONE
Therapists were asked to complete a short questionnaire that had been distributed opportunistically through the SIG network. Twenty two SLTs from 14 different NHS trusts participated in this research. Twenty one participants (95%) estimated that they spent an average of 43% of their time in work providing aphasia management. Typically they worked in departments of three therapists providing 17 sessions of acute aphasia care. Eleven therapists (50%) had less than five years SLT experience and typically were on pay scale 5 or 6. Four very experienced therapists (18%) who had worked for ten to twenty years were paid at band 8.
• WHAT WAS FOUND AND IMPLICATIONS FOR FUTURE POLICY AND PRACTICE
Rationales were provided for each of the five management options. Assessment: Words used to describe reasons for assessment activities (basis, develop, establish, estimate, focus, gain, guide, indicate, inform, make, plan, provide and suggest) indicate that assessment is an active, ongoing, reflective process. Assessment was linked to both therapist belief and recommended practice (Royal College of Physicians, 2012 and National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, 2013). MDT: Therapists reported that the role of MDT working was goal setting for the benefit of the client management. However some therapists were not employed as part of an MDT and found it difficult to influence this decision making process. Therapy: SLTs thought that impairment, functional and psychological therapies were equally important. They acknowledged that this was challenging in the acute sector where clients were discharged quickly and were not always well enough to engage fully with rehabilitation. 19/22 therapists (86%) suggested they would like more time to provide SLT input. This paper presents a consensus of current SLT expert opinion. Despite the small sample size this research could be used to guide targets for future SLT intervention in the acute sector and it could be used as a focus for discussion about intervention choices within the SLT profession.
Bixley, M., Blagdon, B., Dean, M., Langley, J. & Stanton, D. (2013) Best practice for aphasia in the acute sector: a consensus of expert opinions. British Aphasiology Society Biennial International Conference Book of Abstracts, 8-9.
Bixley, M., Blagdon, B., Dean, M., Langley, J. & Stanton, D. (2011) In search of consensus on aphasia management. Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists Bulletin, October, 18-20.
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