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dc.contributor.authorMittelstadt, Brent
dc.date.accessioned2014-07-10T08:30:23Z
dc.date.available2014-07-10T08:30:23Z
dc.date.issued2013-11
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2086/10101
dc.description.abstractRecent years have seen an influx of medical technologies capable of remotely monitoring the health and behaviours of individuals to detect, manage and prevent health problems. Known collectively as personal health monitoring (PHM), these systems are intended to supplement medical care with health monitoring outside traditional care environments such as hospitals, ranging in complexity from mobile devices to complex networks of sensors measuring physiological parameters and behaviours. This research project assesses the potential ethical implications of PHM as an emerging medical technology, amenable to anticipatory action intended to prevent or mitigate problematic ethical issues in the future. PHM fundamentally changes how medical care can be delivered: patients can be monitored and consulted at a distance, eliminating opportunities for face-to-face actions and potentially undermining the importance of social, emotional and psychological aspects of medical care. The norms evident in this movement may clash with existing standards of ‘good’ medical practice from the perspective of patients, clinicians and institutions. By relating utilitarianism, virtue ethics and theories of surveillance to Habermas’ concept of colonisation of the lifeworld, a conceptual framework is created which can explain how PHM may be allowed to change medicine as a practice in an ethically problematic way. The framework relates the inhibition of virtuous behaviour among practitioners of medicine, understood as a moral practice, to the movement in medicine towards remote monitoring. To assess the explanatory power of the conceptual framework and expand its borders, a qualitative interview empirical study with potential users of PHM in England is carried out. Recognising that the inherent uncertainty of the future undermines the validity of empirical research, a novel epistemological framework based in Habermas’ discourse ethics is created to justify the empirical study. By developing Habermas’ concept of translation into a procedure for assessing the credibility of uncertain normative claims about the future, a novel methodology for empirical ethical assessment of emerging technologies is created and tested. Various methods of analysis are employed, including review of academic discourses, empirical and theoretical analyses of the moral potential of PHM. Recommendations are made concerning ethical issues in the deployment and design of PHM systems, analysis and application of PHM data, and the shortcomings of existing research and protection mechanisms in responding to potential ethical implications of the technology.en
dc.description.sponsorshiphe research described in this thesis was sponsored and funded by the Centre for Computing and Social Responsibility of De Montfort University, and was linked to the research carried out in FP7 research projects PHM-Ethics (GA 230602) and ETICA (Ethical Issues of Emerging ICT Applications, GA 230318).en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherDe Montfort Universityen
dc.subjectpersonal health monitoringen
dc.subjectethicsen
dc.subjectapplied ethicsen
dc.subjectbioethicsen
dc.subjectubiquitous computingen
dc.subjectwearable computingen
dc.subjectvirtue ethicsen
dc.subjectcomputer ethicsen
dc.subjecthabermasen
dc.subjectsurveillanceen
dc.subjecttelehealthen
dc.subjecttelecareen
dc.subjecttelemedicineen
dc.subjectpervasive computingen
dc.subjectmedical ethicsen
dc.subjectambient intelligenceen
dc.subjectpervasive healthen
dc.subjectsocial sortingen
dc.subjectlyonen
dc.subjectmacintyreen
dc.subjectlifeworlden
dc.subjectdiscourse ethicsen
dc.subjectphmen
dc.subjectambient assisted livingen
dc.subjectehealthen
dc.subjectbiometricsen
dc.titleOn the Ethical Implications of Personal Health Monitoringen
dc.typeThesis or dissertationen
dc.publisher.departmentFaculty of Technologyen
dc.publisher.departmentCentre for Computing and Social Responsibilityen
dc.type.qualificationlevelDoctoralen
dc.type.qualificationnamePhDen


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