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dc.contributor.authorGoodyer, Larryen
dc.contributor.authorSong, J.en
dc.identifier.citationGoodyer LI. and Song J. (2014) Mosquito bite avoidance attitudes and behaviours on travellers at risk of malaria. Journal of Travel Medicine, 21 (1), pp. 33-38en
dc.description.abstractMosquito bite prevention is an important strategy to reduce the risk of contracting malaria and advice on the methods available should be offered in pre travel consultations. This study examines the attitudes of a cohort of UK travelers to the various bite avoidance strategies and the extent to which they are practiced when visiting malaria endemic areas. This was a retrospective cohort study of United Kingdom travelers over 18 years of age returning from malaria endemic areas. Those who agreed to participate were emailed a Web based questionnaire on their return to the UK. The questionnaire consisted of items relating to attitudes to bite avoidance measures and malaria and the use of bite avoidance measures whilst away. 132 travelers completed the questionnaire representing a 51% response rate. Frequent use of repellents (69%) was higher than covering the arms (49%) and legs (56%), or using insecticide vaporisers (16%), sprays (24%) and bed nets (32%). Those under the age of 30 tended to use bite avoidance less frequently. Gender, purpose and duration of travel were also found to influence the use of particular measures. A reliable 17 point attitude to bite avoidance questionnaire (Cronbach’s alpha=0.70) was constructed and a sub scale score indicated that attitudes influenced the use of repellents. The use of measures to avoid mosquito bites on retiring and covering arms and legs needs to be further emphasised to travelers. The attitude scales described could be a useful tool in practice and research into this areaen
dc.subjecttravel medicineen
dc.subjectmalaria biteen
dc.subjectbite avoidance repellenten
dc.titleMosquito bite avoidance attitudes and behaviours on travellers at risk of malariaen
dc.researchinstituteInstitute for Psychological Scienceen
dc.researchinstituteLeicester Institute for Pharmaceutical Innovation - From Molecules to Practice (LIPI)en

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