Effects of Optimism, Social Support, Fighting Spirit, Cancer Worry and Internal Health Locus of Control on Positive Affect in Cancer Survivors: A Path Analysis

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dc.contributor.author Hodges, K. en
dc.contributor.author Winstanley, S. en
dc.date.accessioned 2012-11-15T10:55:12Z
dc.date.available 2012-11-15T10:55:12Z
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier.citation Hodges, K. and Winstanley, S. (2012). Effects of Optimism, Social Support, Fighting Spirit, Cancer Worry and Internal Health Locus of Control on Positive Affect in Cancer Survivors: A Path Analysis. Stress & Health, 28 (5), pp. 408-415. en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2086/7786
dc.description.abstract The psychological impact of a cancer diagnosis can extend through treatment, well into cancer survivorship and can be influenced by a range of psychosocial resources. At different stages in this trajectory, optimism is known to affect wellbeing directly. This study focusing upon the potential to flourish after cancer, investigates the relationship between optimism and positive affect during cancer survivorship together with four possible mediators: social support, fighting spirit, internal health locus of control and cancer worry, all of which have been shown to be important predictors of well-being in cancer patients. Participants (n = 102) from online cancer forums completed standardized questionnaires, and path analysis confirmed that optimism had a direct effect on positive affect in cancer survivors. Social support and fighting spirit were also shown to be significant mediators of this relationship, accounting collectively for 50% of the variance in positive affect.Whilst cancer worry and internal health locus of control could be predicted from levels of optimism, they did notmediate the optimism–positive affect relationship. Efforts to promote optimismand thus encourage fighting spirit at diagnosis through treatment may be worthwhile interventions, as would ensuring appropriate social support through the trajectory. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Wiley en
dc.subject cancer en
dc.subject optimism en
dc.subject positive affect en
dc.subject well-being en
dc.subject social support en
dc.subject fighting spirit en
dc.subject internal health locus of control en
dc.subject cancer worry en
dc.title Effects of Optimism, Social Support, Fighting Spirit, Cancer Worry and Internal Health Locus of Control on Positive Affect in Cancer Survivors: A Path Analysis en
dc.type Article en
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smi.2471
dc.researchgroup Psychology en
dc.peerreviewed Yes en


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