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A particle swarm optimization based memetic algorithm for dynamic optimization problems.
Recently, there has been an increasing concern from the evolutionary computation community on dynamic optimization problems since many real-world optimization problems are dynamic. This paper investigates a particle swarm ...
Particle swarm optimization with composite particles in dynamic environments.
In recent years, there has been a growing interest in the study of particle swarm optimization (PSO) in dynamic environments. This paper presents a new PSO model, called PSO with composite particles (PSO-CP), to address ...