Microplate biochemical determination of Russian VX: influence of admixtures and avoidance of false negative results.

De Montfort University Open Research Archive

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Jenkins, R. O. en
dc.contributor.author Goncharov, Nikolay V. en
dc.contributor.author Prokofieva, Daria S. en
dc.date.accessioned 2012-04-12T10:13:25Z
dc.date.available 2012-04-12T10:13:25Z
dc.date.issued 2012-02
dc.identifier.citation Prokofieva, D. S., Jenkins, R.O.and Goncharov, N. V. (2012) Microplate biochemical determination of Russian VX: influence of admixtures and avoidance of false negative results. Analytical Biochemistry. 424 (2), pp. 108-113. en
dc.identifier.issn 0003-2697
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2086/5918
dc.description.abstract Two microplate spectroscopic methods for determination of organophosphates, based on inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, were further improved and evaluated for determination of the chemical weapon agent Russian VX (RVX) in aqueous solutions. The linear range of the Hestrin method (74.8 – 1120 pM) was 3.1-fold wider than that of the Ellman method (37.4 – 374 pM). Limits of detection and quantification of RVX for both methods were below the maximal allowable concentration of RVX in water-soluble washouts. One of the early product of RVX hydrolysis N,N-diethylaminoethanethiol, like GSH, caused false negative results in the Ellman method at concentrations exceeding 10 µM; individual blanks were necessary to eliminate the effect. The Hestrin method showed greater specificity (about three orders of magnitude) for analysis of samples containing mercaptans. A major product of RVX degradation, 2,2'-dithiobis(N,N-diethylethanamine), caused significant inhibition of AChE at concentrations of ≥0.1 mM (p<0,01) and had a false positive effect at higher concentrations (≥2mM). For environmental monitoring of RVX, the method based on Hestrin is preferred over that of Ellman, principally because the former method was less sensitive to interference from major admixtures and did not give rise to potentially dangerous false negative results. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Elsevier en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Analytical Biochemistry;
dc.subject N,N-diethylaminoethanethiol en
dc.subject 2,2'-dithiobis(N,N-diethylethanamine) en
dc.subject Russian VX en
dc.subject chemical weapons en
dc.subject organophosphates en
dc.subject Ellman method en
dc.subject Hestrin method en
dc.subject acetylcholinesterase en
dc.title Microplate biochemical determination of Russian VX: influence of admixtures and avoidance of false negative results. en
dc.type Article en
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ab.2012.02.022
dc.researchgroup Biomedical and Environmental Health en
dc.peerreviewed Yes en
dc.explorer.multimedia No en


Files in this item

Files Size Format View

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record