Conceptual modelling of adaptive web services based on high-level petri nets
Service technology geared by its SOA architecture and enabling Web services is rapidly gaining in maturity and acceptance. Consequently, most worldwide (private and corporate) cross-organizations are embracing this paradigm by publishing, requesting and composing their businesses and applications in the form of (web-)services. Nevertheless, to face harsh competitiveness such service oriented cross-organizational applications are increasingly pressed to be highly composite, adaptive, knowledge-intensive and very reliable. In contrast to that, Web service standards such as WSDL, WSBPEL, WS-CDL and many others offer just static, manual, purely process-centric and ad-hoc techniques to deploy such services. The main objective of this thesis consists therefore in leveraging the development of service-driven applications towards more reliability, dynamically and adaptable knowledge-intensiveness. This thesis puts forward an innovative framework based on distributed high-level Petri nets and event-driven business rules. More precisely, we developed a new variant of high-level Petri Nets formalism called Service-based Petri nets (CSrv-Nets), that exhibits the following potential characteristics. Firstly, the framework is supported by a stepwise methodology that starts with diagrammatical UML-class diagrams and business rules and leads to dynamically adaptive services specifications. Secondly, the framework soundly integrates behavioural event-driven business rules and stateful services both at the type and instance level and with an inherent distribution. Thirdly, the framework intrinsically permits validation through guided graphical animation. Fourthly, the framework explicitly separates between orchestrations for modelling rule-intensive single services and choreography for cooperating several services through their governing interactive business rules. Fifthly, the framework is based on a two-level conceptualization: (1) the modelling of any rule-centric service with CSrv-Nets; (2) the smooth upgrading of this service modelling with an adaptability-level that allows for dynamically shifting up and down any rule-centric behavior of the running business activities.
- PhD