Liquid-phase hydrogenation of bio-refined succinic acid to 1,4-butanediol using bimetallic catalysts
Development of a Crotalaria juncea based biorefinery produce large quantity of waste glycerol after trans-esterification of the juncea seeds. This glycerol, after purification, is used as a substrate for producing succinic acid on a microbial route. Hydrogenation of this bio-refined succinic acid is carried out under high pressure in order to produce 1,4- butanediol (BDO) using a batch slurry reactor with cobalt supported ruthenium bimetallic catalysts, synthesized inhouse. It is demonstrated that, using small amounts of ruthenium to cobalt increases the overall hydrogenation activity for the production of 1,4-butanediol. Hydrogenation reactions are carried out at various operating temperatures and pressures along with changes in the mixing ratios of ruthenium chloride and cobalt chloride hexahydrate, which are used to synthesize the catalyst. The Ru-Co bimetallic catalysts are characterized by XRD, FE-SEM and TGA. Concentrations of the hydrogenation product are analyzed using Gas chromatography-Mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Statistical analysis of the overall hydrogenation process is performed using a Box-Behnken Design (BBD).
open access article
Citation : Baidya, P.K., Sarkar, U., Villa, R. et al. Liquid-phase hydrogenation of bio-refined succinic acid to 1,4-butanediol using bimetallic catalysts. BMC Chemical Engineering, 1,(10).
ISSN : 2524-4175
Research Institute : Institute of Energy and Sustainable Development (IESD)
Peer Reviewed : Yes