Impact of climate governance in increasing resilience among cyclone sidr and aila affected people in bangladesh
This paper discusses climate governance policies in Bangladesh and investigates to what extent are those policies contributing to increasing resilience among cyclone Sidr and Aila affected coastal people of Bangladesh. Climate governance has emerged in recent years in order to address the governance challenges within climate change programmes and policies and to reduce the vulnerability of disaster victims by engaging with multiple stakeholders from both government and non-government institutions with specific objectives to ensure governance issues and ensure use of funds for most vulnerable communities. In other words, it is the rule making decision, making mechanisms and modes within a given system or society that determine how institutions’ interest are articulated, coordinated and negotiated; how power and authority are distributed, controlled and exercised and how resources are accessed, allocated, used and exchanged; and how conflicts are mitigated or resolved to enable and sustain effective climate change mitigation and adaptive response. This study draws on structured interviews of 285 affected villagers and data were collected using questionnaire survey and data were analysed by using frequency distribution, confidence interval test, cross tabulation and chi-square tests. The results show that climate governance does not have much contribution in increasing resilience among the cyclone Sidr and Aila affected vulnerable of Bangladesh. More specifically, the results show that only about 12% houses are pucca in Sidr affected areas and 16% houses are pucca in Aila affected areas. Likewise, the cross tabulation results show that more than 77% of respondents have very low level of resilience to cyclone and more than 95% of respondents have vulnerability between very low to moderate level. About 79% of respondents have a very low level of resilience in terms of cyclones and more than 71% in terms of building capacity to resilience. This study makes significant contribution to the body of knowledge by investigating the impact of climate governance policies in increasing resilience among post-cyclone Sidr and Aila affected people of Bangladesh.
Citation : Islam, M.Z., Kolade, O., Kibreab, G. (2018) Impact of climate governance in increasing resilience among cyclone sidr and aila affected people in bangladesh. Conference on Global governance and Expertise in Policy Making, University of South Wales, UK, September, 2018.
Research Group : Centre for Enterprise and Innovation (CEI)