Bistability and Electrical Characterisation of Two Terminal Non-Volatile Polymer Memory Devices.
Polymer blended with nanoparticle and ferroelectric materials in two terminal memory devices has potential for electronic memory devices that may offer increased storage capacity and performance. Towards understanding the memory performance of a combination of an organic polymer with a ferroelectric or unpolarised material, this research is concerned with testing the memory programming and capacitance of these materials using two-terminal memory device structures. This research contributes to previous investigation into the internal working mechanisms of polymer memory devices and increases understanding and verifies the principles of these mechanisms through testing previously untested materials in different material compositions. This study makes a novel contribution by testing the electrical bistability of new materials; specifically, nickel oxide, barium titanate and methylammonium lead bromide and considers their properties which include nanoparticles, ferroelectric, perovskite structures and organic-inorganic composition. Due to their material properties which have different implications for internal switching and memory storage. Nanoparticles have a greater band gap between the valence band and conduction band compare to bulk material which is exploited for memory storage and ferroelectric properties and perovskite materials have non-volatile properties suitable for switching mechanisms. Specific attributes of memory function which include charging mechanism, device programming, capacitance and charge retention were tested for different material compositions which included, blend and layered with a PVAc polymer, and as a bulk material with a single crystal structure using MIM memory devices and MIS device structures. The results showed that nickel oxide was the most effective material as a blend with the polymer for memory performance, this was followed by barium titanate, however, methylammonium lead bromide performed poorly with polymer but showed promise as a single crystal structure. The results also showed that an increase in concentration of the tested material in a blend composition resulted in a corresponding increase in memory function, and that blend compositions were much more effective than layered compositions.
- PhD