Burnout, self-efficacy and exposure to violence on life satisfaction of clinical mental health staff
Objectives / Purpose / Background: To investigate factors influencing the psychological wellbeing of clinical staff in a secure mental health hospital; this study investigated the role of exposure to violence, burnout, and self-efficacy on life satisfaction of clinical staff working in a secure mental health hospital, using the Job Demands-Resources Theory as a theoretical framework. Design / Background / Key points: To examine the relationships between the studied variables, a cross-‐sectional questionnaire study was conducted. The exhaustion domain of burnout was investigated as a mediator between exposure to violence and life satisfaction, whilst disengagement domain of burnout was investigated as a mediator between self-efficacy and life satisfaction. Self-efficacy was investigated as a moderator between self-efficacy and life satisfaction. Methods / Conclusions: Using purposive sampling, eighty-six participants were recruited to complete self-report scales, through online or paper surveys. Mediation effects were analyzed using a bias-corrected bootstrap and a Sobel test. Moderation analysis using ordinal least square path analysis was performed. Results / Conclusions: Exhaustion significantly predicted life satisfaction but exhaustion did not mediate the relationship between exposure to violence and life satisfaction. Selfefficacy significantly predicted life satisfaction. Disengagement did not mediate selfefficacy and life satisfaction. Self-efficacy did not significantly moderate the relationship between exposure to violence and life satisfaction. Conclusions: Person-directed burnout interventions should be employed to reduce the adverse effects of burnout on life satisfaction, and self-efficacy should be promoted, to enhance life satisfaction in clinical staff. The study is limited by an over-representation of nursing staff, and restricted generalizability to other settings. Future Job Demands-Resources Theory research should investigate predictors of life satisfaction in clinical staff.
Citation : Hancock-johnson, E. and Cheng, M. (2018) Burnout, self-efficacy and exposure to violence on life satisfaction of clinical mental health staff. The British Psychological Society Annual Conference, Nottingham, May 2018.
Research Group : Psychology
Peer Reviewed : Yes