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dc.contributor.authorCrivelli, Carlosen
dc.contributor.authorJarillo, Sergioen
dc.contributor.authorRussell, James A.en
dc.contributor.authorFernández-Dols, Jose-Miguelen
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-19T15:12:52Z
dc.date.available2017-10-19T15:12:52Z
dc.date.issued2016-07-01
dc.identifier.citationCrivelli, C., Jarillo, S., Russell, J. A., and Fernández-Dols, J. M. (2016) Reading emotions from faces in two indigenous societies. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 145 (7), pp. 830-843en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2086/14677
dc.descriptionThe file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.en
dc.description.abstractThat all humans recognize certain specific emotions from their facial expression—the Universality Thesis—is a pillar of research, theory, and application in the psychology of emotion. Its most rigorous test occurs in indigenous societies with limited contact with external cultural influences, but such tests are scarce. Here we report two such tests. Study 1 was of children and adolescents (N = 68; aged 6-16 years) of the Trobriand Islands (Papua New Guinea, South Pacific) with a Western control group from Spain (N = 113, of similar ages). Study 2 was of children and adolescents (N = 36; same age range) of Matemo Island (Mozambique, Africa). In both studies, participants were shown an array of prototypical facial expressions and asked to point to the person feeling a specific emotion: happiness, fear, anger, disgust, or sadness. The Spanish control group matched faces to emotions as predicted by the Universality Thesis: matching was seen on 83% to 100% of trials. For the indigenous societies, in both studies, the Universality Thesis was moderately supported for happiness: smiles were matched to happiness on 58% and 56% of trials, respectively. For other emotions, however, results were even more modest: 7% to 46% in the Trobriand Islands and 22% to 53% in Matemo Island. These results were robust across age, gender, static versus dynamic display of the facial expressions, and between- versus within-subjects design.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Association (APA)en
dc.subjectfacial expressionsen
dc.subjectindigenous societiesen
dc.subjectemotion perceptionen
dc.subjectcross-cultural diversityen
dc.titleReading emotions from faces in two indigenous societiesen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1037/xge0000172
dc.peerreviewedYesen
dc.funderSpanish Governmenten
dc.projectidPSI2014-57154-Pen
dc.cclicenceCC-BY-NCen
dc.date.acceptance2016-03-17en
dc.researchinstituteInstitute for Psychological Scienceen


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