Smart citizens for smart cities: Participating in the future
This paper discusses smart cities and raises critical questions about the faith being placed in technology to reduce carbon emissions. Given increasingly challenging carbon reduction targets the role of ICT and the digital economy are increasingly championed as offering potential to contribute to carbon reduction targets within cities and buildings. This paper questions the faith being placed in smart or intelligent solutions through asking, what role then for the ordinary citizen? The smart approach often appears to have a narrow view of how technology and user-engagement can sit together, viewing the behaviour of users as a hurdle to overcome, rather than a resource to be utilized. This paper suggests lessons can be learnt from other disciplines and wider sustainable development policy that champions the role of citizens and user-engagement to harness the co-creation of knowledge, collaboration and empowerment. Specifically, empirical findings and observations are presented from a case study of citizen engagement around an Energy from Waste infrastructure development. Recommendations are provided for engineers, planners and decision makers in order to help plan more effective engagement strategies for citizens, building users and stakeholders.
The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.
Citation : Bull, R. and Azenoud, M. (2016) Smart participation- social learning: a model of participation. Energy – Proceedings of ICE. http://www.icevirtuallibrary.com/doi/abs/10.1680/jener.15.00030
ISSN : 1751-4223
Research Group : Institute of Energy and Sustainable Development
Research Institute : Institute of Energy and Sustainable Development (IESD)
Peer Reviewed : Yes