The role of repeated exposure to multi-modal input in incidental acquisition of foreign language vocabulary.
Prior research has reported incidental vocabulary acquisition with complete beginnersin a foreign language (FL), within 8 exposures to auditory and written FL word forms presented with a picture depicting their meaning. However, important questions remainabout whether acquisition occurs with fewer exposures to FL words in a multimodalsituation and whether there is a repeated exposure effect. Here we report a study wherethe number of exposures to FL words in an incidental learning phase varied between 2,4, 6, and 8 exposures. Following the incidental learning phase, participants completed an explicit learning task where they learned to recognize written translation equivalentsof auditory FL word forms, half of which had occurred in the incidental learning phase.The results showed that participants performed better on the words they had previously been exposed to, and that this incidental learning effect occurred from as little as 2exposures to the multimodal stimuli. In addition, repeated exposure to the stimuli wasfound to have a larger impact on learning during the ﬁrst few exposures and decreasethereafter, suggesting that the effects of repeated exposure on vocabulary acquisitionare not necessarily constant.
Citation : Bisson, M.-J., van Heuven, W.J.B., Conklin, K. and Tunney, R.J. (2014) The role of repeated exposure to multi-modal input in incidental acquisition of foreign language vocabulary. Language Learning, 64 (4), pp. 855-877
Research Institute : Institute for Psychological Science
Peer Reviewed : Yes